Seen here is the ESA’s incredible satellite testing room in Noordwijk, the Netherlands; officially known as the Compact Payload Test Range in the ESAâ€™s ESTEC technical centre area. In an informative blog post, the ESA adds:
In this zone of silence, satellite antennas are tested ahead of launch. Metal walls form a â€˜Faraday cageâ€™ to block all external signals, isolating the facility from TV and radio broadcasts, aircraft and ship radars, and even mobile calls. Spiky foam cladding absorbs radio signals internally to create conditions simulating the infinite void of space.
The white surfaces in front of the â€˜anechoicâ€™ blue background are reflectors that pass signals from an illuminating antenna to the antenna under test… To increase its capabilities, the Compact Payload Test Range (CPTR) was recently equipped with a state-of-the-art Near-Field Scanner (NFS) to measure the electromagnetic fields closely surrounding a test antenna. Via mathematics, the equivalent radiation at large distances is calculated.
This new set-up and test technique allow the measurement of larger antennas (up to 8 m in diameter) over a larger frequency range (0.4â€“50 GHz). [source]